What are the duties and responsibilities of surgical team members?

Surgical technicians help with surgery by installing a sterile operating room. Preparing surgical supplies and tools. And they give the surgeon the necessary tools. In addition, they can help the surgeon during certain procedures.

Patients undergoing surgery will be seen by the operating room team. Operating room team members protect patient safety and privacy in the operating room. The staff inside the operating room consists of the operating surgeon, the surgeon's assistants, a cleaning person, an anesthesiologist and a circulating nurse. Each member of the operating room team plays a specific role in coordinating with each other to create an atmosphere that best benefits the patient.

There are many specialties in the field of surgery. For example, we can mention neurosurgeons who perform brain and nervous system treatments, or cardiovascular surgeons who specialize in cardiac or arterial operations. The surgeon and the first surgical assistant (the second if necessary) are sterile members of the team. They wear special sterile gowns, gloves, masks and hats, as they immediately surround the patient.

Using a variety of instruments, they correct anatomical deformities, repair or replace tissues and bones after injuries, or perform preventive surgeries. Surgical assistants help with visibility of the surgical site, manipulate and use sterile instruments, insert tubes, initiate intravenous lines, control bleeding, close the wound, and apply dressings. They also work closely with the surgical RN to prepare the room, configure the sterile field, and can help identify and position the patient or assist with surgical site preparation. Frequent changes in the members of the central surgical team should be avoided, since the surgical team is a professional and very well-coordinated team.

Being a good first aid requires knowledge of anatomy and physiology, surgical management of tissues, understanding of surgical instrumentation and its use, and the nature of the procedure. The first surgical aid is the person who helps the surgeon perform the case, also rubs in the sterile surgical field. In addition, the classical surgery department often provides doctors for emergency patient treatment in the emergency room or supports emergency doctors with consultations in cases of surgical emergencies. A surgical team consists of a surgeon, an assistant surgeon, an anesthetist, a nurse anesthetist, a circulating nurse and a surgical technologist.

The cleaning nurse is also scrubbed in the surgical field, and is the one who prepares, organizes and provides the various surgical tools and instruments to the surgeon and the first aid during the case. For all surgical procedures, there is a sterile member called a cleaning nurse or surgical technologist to organize the instruments and pass them to the surgeon when needed. Classical surgery departments consist of several different types of surgical equipment with different tasks in the daily life of the hospital. When the patient first arrives at the hospital or surgical center and is waiting pre-operatively, the surgeon talks to the patient, obtains informed consent, which means that he reexplains the procedure and its possible risks, and answers any questions the patient may have.

The classic surgical department of a hospital requires operating rooms with professional surgical equipment to perform operations. Observations revealed that the working environment in the operating room can shape interpersonal relationships and begins to establish itself when the room is prepared for the surgical case, and evolves as the surgical procedure progresses. They are primarily responsible for configuring the sterile surgical field, safety, efficiency, and maintaining a sterile surgical field for the duration of the procedure. Surgical technologists work with the entire team, and specifically with the surgeon, to prepare and deliver instruments during the surgical procedure.

The circulator is the right person to assist the surgical team outside the sterile surgical field. .

Dán Luu
Dán Luu

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